Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]
|Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Description of Business
MaxLinear, Inc. was incorporated in Delaware in September 2003. MaxLinear, Inc., together with its wholly owned subsidiaries, collectively referred to as MaxLinear, or the Company, is a provider of radio-frequency, or RF, high-performance analog, and mixed-signal communications system-on-chip solutions for the connected home, wired and wireless infrastructure, and industrial and multi-market applications. MaxLinear’s customers include electronics distributors, module makers, original equipment manufacturers, or OEMs, and original design manufacturers, or ODMs, who incorporate the Company’s products in a wide range of electronic devices, including cable DOCSIS broadband modems and gateways, wireline connectivity devices for in-home networking applications, RF transceivers and modems for wireless carrier access and backhaul infrastructure, fiber-optic modules for data center, metro, and long-haul transport networks, video set-top boxes and gateways, hybrid analog and digital televisions, direct broadcast satellite outdoor and indoor units, and power management and interface products used in these and a range of other markets. The Company is a fabless integrated circuit design company whose products integrate all or a substantial portion of a broadband communication system.
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of MaxLinear, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or GAAP, for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements. All intercompany transactions and investments have been eliminated in consolidation.
In the opinion of management, the Company’s unaudited consolidated interim financial statements contain adjustments, including normal recurring accruals necessary to present fairly the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity, and cash flows.
The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2019 was derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements at that date. The accompanying unaudited consolidated interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2019 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, on February 5, 2020, or the Annual Report. Interim results for the six months ended June 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2020.
Use of Estimates and Significant Risks and Uncertainties
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the unaudited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
In the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company’s revenues were impacted by the novel coronavirus disease, or COVID-19, pandemic. In particular, the Company's revenues in the first quarter 2020 declined relative to its prior expectations, and the Company experienced customer requests to temporarily delay shipments and supply constraints attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic. Heightened volatility and uncertainty in customer demand and the worldwide economy in general has continued, and the Company may experience decreased sales and revenues in the near future. The Company’s management believes such impact may in particular affect the Company’s sales of high performance analog products in its industrial and multi-market business and potentially may also impact certain other markets, such as wireless backhaul and the rest of its business to some degree. However, the magnitude of such impact on the Company’s business and its duration is uncertain and cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.
The Company also believes that its $107.4 million of cash and cash equivalents at June 30, 2020 will be sufficient to fund its projected operating requirements for at least the next twelve months. A material adverse impact from COVID-19 could result in a need to raise additional capital or incur additional indebtedness to fund strategic initiatives or operating activities, particularly if the Company pursues additional acquisitions. The Company’s future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including the potential impact of the purchase of the WiFi and Broadband assets business and related planned issuance
of debt (Note 14) and the Company’s efforts to integrate that business, changes in revenue, the expansion of engineering, sales and marketing activities, the timing and extent of expansion into new territories, the timing of introductions of new products and enhancements to existing products, the continuing market acceptance of the Company’s products and potential material investments in, or acquisitions of, complementary businesses, services or technologies. Additional funds may not be available on terms favorable to the Company or at all. If the Company is unable to raise additional funds when needed, it may not be able to sustain its operations or execute its strategic plans.
The Company is not aware of any specific event or circumstance that would require an update to its estimates or adjustments to the carrying value of its assets and liabilities as of July 23, 2020, the issuance date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Actual results could differ from those estimates, particularly if the Company experiences material impacts from COVID-19.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Refer to the Company’s Annual Report for a summary of significant accounting policies. On January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASC Topic 326, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, or ASC 326, and accordingly, modified its policy on accounting for allowance for doubtful accounts on trade accounts receivable as stated below. As described under “Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements,” section below, the impact of adopting ASC 326 for the Company was not material.
There have been no other significant changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies during the six months ended June 30, 2020.
The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers and assesses each customer’s credit worthiness. The Company monitors collections and payments from its customers and maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts based upon applying an expected credit loss rate to receivables based on the historical loss rate from similar high risk customers adjusted for current conditions, including any specific customer collection issues identified, and forecasts of economic conditions. Delinquent account balances are written off after management has determined that the likelihood of collection is remote. The allowance for credit losses as of June 30, 2020 and the activity in this account, including the current-period provision for expected credit losses for the six months ended June 30, 2020, were not material.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, to replace the incurred loss methodology with an expected credit loss model that requires consideration of a broader range of information to estimate credit losses over the lifetime of the asset, including current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts in addition to historical loss information, to determine expected credit losses. Pooling of assets with similar risk characteristics and the use of a loss model are also required. Also, in April 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-04, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses, Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and Topic 825, Financial Instruments, to clarify the inclusion of recoveries of trade receivables previously written off when estimating an allowance for credit losses. The amendments in this update are effective for the Company beginning with fiscal year 2020, including interim periods. The adoption of the amendments in this update as of January 1, 2020 did not have a material impact on the Company’s accounts receivable, net and accumulated deficit, as well as its results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The adoption is also not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations as of and for the year ending December 31, 2020.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, to simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. An entity no longer will determine goodwill impairment by calculating the implied fair value of goodwill by assigning the fair value of a reporting unit to all of its assets and liabilities as if the reporting unit had been acquired in a business combination. Instead, under the amendments in this update, an entity should perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. The Board also eliminated the requirements for any reporting unit with a zero or negative carrying amount to perform a qualitative assessment and, if it fails that qualitative test, to perform Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test. The amendments in this update are effective for the Company beginning with fiscal year 2020, including interim periods. The Company performs its annual goodwill testing as of October 31, or more frequently if there are indicators of impairment. The application of the amendments in this update is not
expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations as of and for the year ending December 31, 2020.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework— Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement, to improve the fair value measurement reporting of financial instruments. The amendments in this update require, among other things, added disclosure of the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements. The amendments in this update eliminate, among other things, disclosure of the reasons for and amounts of transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 for assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis and an entity's valuation processes for Level 3 fair value measurements. The amendments in this update are effective for the Company beginning with fiscal year 2020. Retrospective application is required for all amendments in this update except the added disclosures, which should be applied prospectively. The adoption of the amendments in this update in the quarter ended March 31, 2020 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and is also not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations as of and for the year ending December 31, 2020.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15, Intangibles–Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That is a Service Contract, to provide additional guidance on the accounting for costs of implementing cloud computing arrangements that are service contracts. The amendments in this update require the capitalization of implementation costs during the application development stage of such hosting arrangements and amortization of the expense over the term of the arrangement including any option to extend reasonably certain to be exercised or option to terminate reasonably certain not to be exercised. Capitalized implementation costs and amortization thereof are also required to be classified in the same line item in the statements of financial position, operations and cash flows associated with the hosting service fees. The amendments in this update are effective for the Company beginning with fiscal year 2020. The Company selected prospective application to all implementation costs incurred after the adoption date. The adoption of the amendments in this update did not have a material impact on the Company’s property and equipment, net and results of operations as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and is also not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations as of and for the year ending December 31, 2020.
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04 Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848)—Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, that provides optional relief to applying reference rate reform to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR), which will be discontinued by the end of 2021. The amendments in this update are effective immediately and may be applied through December 31, 2022. The Company's LIBOR interest rate swap expires in October 2020 and will not be impacted by reference rate reform. Therefore, the adoption of the amendments in this update did not have a material impact on the Company's accumulated other comprehensive loss or its results of operations as of and for the three months ended June 30, 2020, and is also not expected to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial position and results of operations as of and for the year ending December 31, 2020.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12 Income Taxes (Topic 740)—Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, to remove certain exceptions and improve consistency of application, including, among other things, requiring that an entity reflect the effect of an enacted change in tax laws or rates in the annual effective tax rate computation in the interim period that includes the enactment date. The amendments in this update will be effective for the Company beginning with fiscal year 2021, with early adoption permitted. Most amendments within the standard are required to be applied on a prospective basis, while certain amendments must be applied on a retrospective or modified retrospective basis. The adoption of the amendments in this update is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations.
In May 2020, the SEC issued a final rule that amends the financial statement requirements for business acquisitions and related pro forma financial information. The rule modifies the significance tests to replace total assets with aggregate worldwide market value of common equity in the investment test and to include a revenue component in the income test while requiring the use of absolute value to calculate average net income for the last five fiscal years. The rule improves the presentation of pro forma financial information by replacing pro forma adjustments with transaction accounting adjustments and adds the optional disclosure of management’s adjustments related to synergies and dis-synergies. The rule also reduces the number of acquireeannual financial statement periods required to a maximum of the two most recent fiscal years. The final rule is effective for the Company beginning with fiscal year 2021, with early application permitted; all applicable aspects of the rule are required to be applied upon adoption. The Company intends to early adopt the rule in its future filings related to the pending acquisition of the WiFi and Broadband assets business (Note 14). The adoption of the rule is not expected to have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations as of and for the year ending December 31, 2020.