Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Debt and Interest Rate Swap

Debt and Interest Rate Swap
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2020
Debt Disclosure [Abstract]  
Debt and Interest Rate Swap Debt and Interest Rate Swap
The carrying amount of the Company's long-term debt consists of the following:
March 31,
December 31,
(in thousands)
Principal $ 212,000    $ 212,000   
     Unamortized debt discount (1,253)   (1,328)  
     Unamortized debt issuance costs (3,550)   (3,763)  
Net carrying amount of long-term debt 207,197    206,909   
Less: current portion of long-term debt —    —   
Long-term debt, non-current portion $ 207,197    $ 206,909   
On May 12, 2017, the Company entered into a credit agreement with certain lenders and a collateral agent in connection with the acquisition of Exar Corporation. The credit agreement provided for an initial secured term B loan facility, or the “Initial Term Loan,” in an aggregate principal amount of $425.0 million. The credit agreement permits the Company to request incremental loans in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed the sum of $160.0 million (subject to adjustments for any voluntary prepayments), plus an unlimited amount that is subject to pro forma compliance with certain secured leverage ratio and total leverage ratio tests. Incremental loans are subject to certain additional conditions, including obtaining additional
commitments from the lenders then party to the credit agreement or new lenders. The Company has requested an incremental loan under the agreement with new lenders to fund the pending acquisition of the Home Gateway Platform Division of Intel Corporation (Note 14).

Loans under the Initial Term Loan bear interest, at the Company’s option, at a rate equal to either (i) a base rate equal to the highest of (x) the federal funds rate, plus 0.50%, (y) the prime rate then in effect and (z) an adjusted LIBOR rate determined on the basis of a one- three- or six-month interest period, plus 1.0% or (ii) an adjusted LIBOR rate, subject to a floor of 0.75%, in each case, plus an applicable margin of 2.50% in the case of LIBOR rate loans and 1.50% in the case of base rate loans. Commencing on September 30, 2017, the Initial Term Loan amortizes in equal quarterly installments equal to 0.25% of the original principal amount of the Initial Term Loan, with the balance payable on the maturity date. The Initial Term Loan has a term of seven years and will mature on May 12, 2024, at which time all outstanding principal and accrued and unpaid interest on the Initial Term Loan is due. The Company is also required to pay fees customary for a credit facility of this size and type.
The Company is required to make mandatory prepayments of the outstanding principal amount of term loans under the credit agreement with the net cash proceeds from the disposition of certain assets and the receipt of insurance proceeds upon certain casualty and condemnation events, in each case, to the extent not reinvested within a specified time period, from excess cash flow beyond stated threshold amounts, and from the incurrence of certain indebtedness. The Company has the right to prepay its term loans under the credit agreement, in whole or in part, at any time without premium or penalty, subject to certain limitations and a 1.0% soft call premium applicable during the first six months of the loan term. The Company exercised its right to prepay and made aggregate prepayments of principal of $213.0 million from origination of the Initial Term Loan through March 31, 2020.
The Company’s obligations under the credit agreement are required to be guaranteed by certain of its domestic subsidiaries meeting materiality thresholds set forth in the credit agreement. Such obligations, including the guaranties, are secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company and the subsidiary guarantors pursuant to a security agreement with the collateral agent.
The credit agreement contains customary affirmative and negative covenants, including covenants limiting the ability of the Company and its restricted subsidiaries to, among other things, incur debt, grant liens, undergo certain fundamental changes, make investments, make certain restricted payments, and sell assets, in each case, subject to limitations and exceptions. As of March 31, 2020, the Company was in compliance with such covenants. The credit agreement also contains customary events of default that include, among other things, certain payment defaults, cross defaults to other indebtedness, covenant defaults, change in control defaults, judgment defaults, and bankruptcy and insolvency defaults. If an event of default exists, the lenders may require immediate payment of all obligations under the credit agreement, and may exercise certain other rights and remedies provided for under the credit agreement, the other loan documents and applicable law.
As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the weighted average effective interest rate on the long-term debt was approximately 4.6% and 4.9%, respectively.
The debt is carried at its principal amount, net of unamortized debt discount and issuance costs, and is not adjusted to fair value each period. The issuance date fair value of the liability component of the debt in the amount of $398.5 million was determined using a discounted cash flow analysis, in which the projected interest and principal payments were discounted back to the issuance date of the term loan at a market interest rate for nonconvertible debt of 4.6%, which represents a Level 3 fair value measurement. The debt discount of $2.1 million and debt issuance costs of $6.0 million are being amortized to interest expense using the effective interest method from the issuance date through the contractual maturity date of the term loan of May 12, 2024.
During each of the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized total amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs of $0.3 million to interest expense.
The approximate fair value of the term loan as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was $200.8 million and $214.6 million, respectively, which was estimated on the basis of inputs that are observable in the market and which is considered a Level 2 measurement method in the fair value hierarchy.
As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the remaining principal balance on the term loan was $212.0 million, respectively. The remaining principal balance is due on May 12, 2024 at the maturity date on the term loan.
Interest Rate Swap
In November 2017, the Company entered into a fixed-for-floating interest rate swap with an amortizing notional amount to swap a substantial portion of variable rate LIBOR interest payments under its term loans for fixed interest payments bearing an interest rate of 1.74685%. The Company's outstanding debt is still subject to a 2.5% fixed applicable margin during the term of the loan. The interest rate swap is designated as a cash flow hedge of a portion of floating rate interest payments on long-term debt and effectively fixes the interest rate on a substantial portion of the Company’s long-term debt at approximately 4.25%. Accordingly, the Company applies cash flow hedge accounting to the interest rate swap and it is recorded at fair value as an asset or liability and the effective portion of changes in the fair value of the interest rate swap, as measured quarterly, are reported in other comprehensive income (loss). As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the fair value of the interest rate swap was a $0.2 million and $0.04 million liability (Note 5), respectively, and is included in other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. The decrease in fair value related to the interest rate swap liability included in other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $0.2 million. The interest rate swap expires in October 2020 and the total $0.2 million of unrealized loss before taxes recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income at March 31, 2020 is expected to be recorded against interest expense in the fourth quarter of 2020, upon expiration of the interest rate swap.